Proof of history vs proof of stake is both abstract concepts for beginners to learn about blockchain. In order to help you get a thorough knowledge about this matter, this topic will show you the difference between proof of history vs proof of stake vs proof of work.
Proof-Of-Stake (Proof-Of-Stake) Definition?
Proof-of-Stake is the primary alternative to Proof-of-Work and the consensus mechanism that cryptocurrencies like Algorand, Cardano, Solana, and Tezos use to validate transactions.
Ethereum is also moving from Proof-Of-Work to Proof-Of-Stake in the Ethereum 2.0 upgrade, which aims to improve scalability and security.
Proof-of-Stake allows the investors to hold companies like cryptocurrency miners, except holding companies lock the cryptocurrency they own to act as validator nodes. The ability to validate a new block and earn a block reward depends on how many cryptocurrencies you are staking. This means that the more cryptocurrencies you hold and stake, the higher your chances of being selected as a block validator.
The main difference between Proof-of-Stake and Proof-of-Work is that Proof-Of-Stake does not require nearly as much energy to validate blocks. This is because investors lock up funds using smart contracts and don’t have to use mining to solve energy-intensive cryptographic problems.
Proof-Of-History (Proof-Of-History) Definition?
Proof-of-History is a consensus mechanism that Solana, one of the largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization, uses along with Proof-Of-Stake to help solve the common blockchain time problem and increase network speed. .
The advantage of Solana is that it is extremely effective. It can process transactions much faster than cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum due to the use of Proof-Of-History and other innovations.
With Proof-Of-History, nodes have their own internal clocks to verify events and elapsed time. The proof uses a verifiable delay function (VDF) to hash incoming events and also notes when events occur. When other nodes look at the hash sequence, they can immediately tell the order in which the events occurred, without having to verify the time with other nodes.
Proof-Of-History can be extremely confusing to read on as a lot of the writers discussing it are engineers/programmers/cryptographers.
Furthermore, PoS acts as an extra layer of security since you need skin in the game. The odds of a 51% attack happening for PoS cryptocurrencies are unlikely for established coins. This is because the attacker would have to own 51% of the cryptocurrency being staked. Not only is this extremely expensive, but it is also counterproductive to attack cryptocurrencies and potentially bring down the price when you are a key stakeholder.
Proof-Of-Work (Proof-Of-Work) Definition
Proof-of-Work is probably something that most beginner crypto investors are familiar with as it is the consensus mechanism that Bitcoin and Ethereum use. It’s the same mechanism that works when you hear people talking about Ethereum and Bitcoin mining.
Proof-of-Work is very energy intensive. The amount of computing Proof-Of-Worker in mining for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, known as the hash rate, is enormous. This leads to more energy consumption around the world. It also impacts the global GPU market as miners buy expensive computer hardware to mine more efficiently.
Energy consumption is a drawback of Proof-of-Work. In addition, Proof-Of-Work follows the “longest chain” rule where the longest chain in the blockchain accepted by the user is valid. This means that Proof-Of-Work crypto is 51% more vulnerable to attack, which occurs when an entity achieves 51% of the total hash rate and builds the longest chain with fraudulent blocks and doubles spending the cryptocurrency.
Each of proof of history vs proof of stake vs proof of work has its own role and advantage as well. Hope through this article, you have your own new knowledge about them.
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