As digital currencies gain popularity as investment assets and mediums of exchange in financial transactions, they continue to disrupt the economy. Blockchain derivatives are an example of a product that has experienced and continues to experience rapid growth. And, as the cryptocurrency market expands, so does the variety of products available in the cryptocurrency space. Our comprehensive guide covers the fundamentals of blockchain derivatives.

What are blockchain derivatives?

Derivatives are contracts whose values are determined by the underlying assets. As a result, the importance of blockchain derivatives is derived from an underlying crypto asset. Traders leverage their holdings, speculate on the price direction of underlying crypto assets, and hedge positions in the derivatives market.

Types of derivatives in blockchain 

A derivative is any product or contract whose value is determined by an underlying asset. Derivatives derive their value from assets such as stocks, bonds, interest rates, commodities, fiat currencies, and cryptocurrencies in traditional financial markets, hence the name.

In the same way, as traditional derivatives work, a buyer and a seller enter into a contract to sell an underlying asset. These assets are sold at a set time and price. As a result, derivatives lack inherent value and rely on the underlying asset’s value. An Ethereum derivative, for example, is dependent on and derives value from the value of Ethereum.

5 things you should know about blockchain derivatives

In addition, derivative trades do not hold or own the underlying asset. Futures, options, and perpetual contracts are the most common blockchain derivatives.

Depending on the contract terms, blockchain derivatives can be of the following types: crypto futures, crypto options, and perpetual contracts.

Why are blockchain derivatives important?

Blockchain derivatives are critical to the blockchain economy because their functions extend far beyond the investment portfolio of a single trader. Derivatives are a component of any mature financial system and thus play an essential role in developing the cryptocurrency industry as a recognized asset class.

The following factors contribute to the importance of blockchain derivatives: Increasing liquidity, Mitigating risks, Portfolio diversification, and Optimized price discovery.

What are the advantages of using derivatives? 

  • Low transaction costs: Derivative contracts help to reduce market transaction costs because they are risk management instruments. As a result, the transaction cost in derivative trading is lower when compared to other securities, such as spot trading.
  • Used in risk management: The value of a derivative contract is directly related to the price of the underlying crypto coin/token. Derivatives are therefore used to mitigate the risks associated with fluctuating underlying asset prices. Mr A, for example, buys a derivative contract whose value fluctuates in the opposite direction as the value of the crypto coin/token he owns. He’ll be able to offset losses in the underlying crypto coin/token with derivative gains.
  • Market efficiency: Arbitrage is essential in derivative trading to ensure that the market finds equilibrium and that the prices of the underlying assets are accurate.
  • Determines an underlying asset’s price: The price of an underlying asset is frequently determined using derivative contracts.
  • The risk may be transferred: Derivatives enable investors, corporations, and other parties to transfer risk to third parties.

What are the disadvantages of using derivatives?

  • High risk: Due to the rapid fluctuation in the value of the underlying crypto coins/tokens, derivative contracts are highly volatile. As a result, traders risk losing a large sum of money.
  • Speculative: As speculative instruments, derivative contracts are frequently used. Speculative investments can result in considerable losses due to the significant risk involved and the unpredictability of their value swings.


Blockchain derivatives have grown in popularity among individual and institutional traders in recent years due to their numerous opportunities. It has many potential advantages as well as some risks. Understanding what they are and how they work is essential in determining whether they are appropriate for you. Contact SmartOSC if you need help with blockchain development.

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